The onset of the financial crisis in Greece, in recent years, has spawned a fruitful dialogue at national and regional level - based on studies, public forums and consultations - that has highlighted the importance of the broader tourism sector industries as a key pillar of national economic growth.
The military base of Eleusis was established in 1937. It was a disaster for the local farmers since it led to a dramatic decline in production. Large tracts of arable land were confiscated without compensation from their owners for the needs of the airport. In less than twelve months Eleusis lost 600 hectares of fertile […]
The soil of Eleusis nourishes poets and her people can proudly claim that they have rubbed elbows with the greatest of them. Aeschylus defended his homeland and used his plays to immortalize its traditions. Two and a half millennia later, Angelos Sikelianos turned Eleusis into a universal symbol.
You would have to be a first-rate chef-cum-politician to successfully combine the disparate materials that came together to support the Leonardopoulos-Gargalidis coup d’etat in 1923. The final dish was a disaster…and the small primary school of Eleusis became a courtroom.
Dr. Despοina Tsiafaki, archaeologist and Director of Research at the “Athena” Research Center, presented a paper titled “Pros-Eleusis: The transformation of Eleusis into an ecomuseum”.
With the advent of Christianity, the Virgin Mary became the patroness of the farmers of the Thriasian Plain, a role that up until then was performed by Demeter. On 20 November the tradition of the blessing of the bread will be revived in the church of Panagia Mesosporitissa, located in the archaeological site of Eleusis. It is a unique ritual that will hopefully soon be recognized as an element of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Greece.
It took many years for the labour movement of Eleusis to recover from the 1929 strike. However, when it reappeared in the spring of 1936, it was able to cope with hunger, strikebreakers, the minister of finance and naval artillery.
Eleusis claims the record for the highest temperature ever recorded in Europe. In this sweltering heat, freshwater is truly a luxury and the Roman aqueduct serves as a testament to the unceasing efforts of emperors and locals to secure all the freshwater they need.
When Demeter left Eleusis for the last time, she entrusted her town and its people to a new patron saint, whose chapel is a precious ark that encapsulates the whole history of Eleusis.
The “Elaiourgiki” oil mill belongs to the second generation of industries that settled in Eleusis in the 1950s. Although the only building of this factory survives in poor condition, it remains an exciting testament to a time when Eleusis took its first brave steps towards industrialization.
The waterfront of Eleusis was once upon a time popular among locals and Athenians alike, who flocked here to enjoy the crystal clear water, the pristine sandy beach, and the fresh green mullet.
The news that came to the Ministry of Finance in August 1903 was dire. The Eleusinians watched helplessly as a unique ecosystem and a basic source of income for their families went up in smoke.
We do not know whether or how Eleusis honoured Aeschylus, her favourite son. The reconstitution of the community in 1914 enabled its residents to envision the erection of a statue dedicated to the great poet.
The 1950s and 1960s, despite political turmoil and economic difficulties, can be considered as the second golden period in the history of industrial Eleusis.
In the early 1880s, Lepsina (as Eleusis was known at the time) was an insignificant town on the edge of the Thriasian Plain. The establishment of industries brought significant wealth to Eleusis and enabled wealthy middle-class urbanites to set up home here. Obviously, the new residents demanded imposing residences, so within fifty years (1880-1930) the neighborhoods around the archaeological site were filled with neoclassical buildings to accommodate their needs.
Many years before the arrival of the first industrial chimneys, Eleusis depended on agriculture. The land was generally dry and arid but the pine-clad mountains that surround the Thriasian Plain contained great wealth in the form of pine resin. This substance supported an entire way of life that grew and died with the forests of Eleusis.
The arrival of the first train in Eleusis in late 1885 was a major event for the small community. The station became a favourite destination for the young people of Lepsina, while the railway station’s coffeehouse served the first souvlaki and Fix beer to the people of Eleusis.
The bloodshed during the labour protest of March 5, 1929, was a jolt to the state apparatus. While Eleusinians mourned the dead worker and fought for their rights with the ministers of the Venizelos government, Eleusis was practically occupied by strong gendarmerie detachments…
Around 7 am on the morning of March 5, 1929, two hours after the start of the strike, a group of about 300 workers led by Nicholas Christopoulos moved towards the “Kronos” factory
Life was not easy for workers in Eleusis in the late 1920s. The local factories provided employment for a large number of residents
The night of November 2, 1909, was advanced, but at the Tsakiris wine shop in Eleusis, the merrymaking was still going strong.
Eleusis was a prosperous town during the Roman period. It benefited greatly from the popularity of the Eleusinian Mysteries among the Romans, as well as the benevolence of Roman emperors.
The excavation of the sanctuary of Demeter transformed Eleusis into an international destination. As the archaeologists demolished the old houses of the settlement and removed the soil that covered the Telesterion
When the most conservative elements of the middle class go on strike, surely something is terribly wrong. On March 10, 1927, merchants and shopkeepers expressed their disagreement with a devastating policy introduced by the all-party government of Alexandros Zaimis
Every Sunday morning, the suburb of Tzitzifies was full of people. Hundreds of fishermen from all over Athens gathered here to buy bait and secure a seat in the boats or the buses that would transport them to paradise: the Saronic Gulf fishing grounds.
Iris rode the wind as a messenger of the immortal gods of Mount Olympus. She used her golden wings to sweep down from Ida’s peaks to the bloodstained plain of Troy
From the mid-1920, Eleusis began to change rapidly. The arrival of refugees from Asia Minor, the return of the enlisted men after the end of a decade of war, and the development of industry transformed the semi-rural town into a dynamic urban center full of life.
There was not a moment to lose. Every delay could prove fatal to the freedom of the Athenians who were bracing for the inevitable attack by the army of the Great King on the plain of Marathon.
“The roots of the nation lie in the fields […], for the present generation of Greeks […] it is necessary […] to thicken the nation’s rural roots […] and to intensify to the utmost limit the exploitation of agricultural resources”. Thus spoke the Minister of Agriculture of the Metaxas government in January 1937.
At the beginning of January 1973, the Greek press proudly announced the signing of an Hellenic-American home porting arrangement for a task force of the United States Sixth Fleet.
In the early 20th century, Eleusis was at the forefront of industrial development. The abundant (and inexpensive) land, the opening of the Corinth Canal, the Piraeus-Athens-Peloponnese railway line and the port of Eleusis had transformed the city into an ideal location for the founding of new industries.
Which image would you say encapsulates Eleusis? If you had to choose one object to represent the city, where would you turn?
The whole world seemed to be going up in flames. As the summer of 1922 drew to a close, a wave of massacres engulfed the Greek communities of Asia Minor, as the Turkish army advanced towards the coast.
In the fall of 1801, the English clergyman and avid traveller Edward Daniel Clarke arrived in Eleusis. His stated goal was to visit the “mystic temple” used in antiquity for the festival of Ceres.
Money doesn’t grow on trees, but 19th-century farmers claimed to have found an even better solution. Most of them were constrained by poor soil, small plots, lack of funding
The revolution is moribund. The Ottoman armies have swept aside all resistance and are converging on Athens, the last Greek stronghold in Roumeli.
When the traveller and geographer Pausanias left Athens towards Eleusis, he knew that he may have had to face a mighty obstacle.
A spectre is haunting Eleusis – the spectre of shipwrecks. Many agencies and individuals have expressed their determination to exorcise this spectre but to no avail.
The arrival of 450 families of refugees from Asia Minor was a transformative event in the history of Eleusis, but establishing a new life in Greece was not easy.
In the late 1870s Eleusis (or Lepsina as it was then called) was a small seaside community standing among the ruins of the old illustrious sanctuary of Demeter. The majority of the houses were old and dilapidated; most of them were little more than peasant cottages.
On Tuesday 12 December 1916 thousands of Athenians gathered in the Pedion tou Areos to curse Eleftherios Venizelos.
When frogs sing your praise without expecting a kiss in return, you must have accomplished something great.
This is a story of opportunity and suffering. Eleusis is a coastal community and the briny deep has provided its residents with sustenance and wealth.
The retreat of the Greek army from the heart of Anatolia in late summer 1922 signalled the end of the world for Hellenism in Asia Minor.
The Kronos factory was built in 1923-1926 to produce alcohol products, wine, molasses, and tanning extracts. The parent company had been founded in Piraeus in 1911, but a rise in the demand for alcohol and wine in the 1920s persuaded them to expand their operations in Eleusis.
Ptolemy II Philadelphus was very fond of luxury. During his reign, the court of the Ptolemaic court reached an unparalleled level of splendor. He organized grand processions through the streets of Alexandria with elephants, ostriches, lions, and a rhinoceros in honor of god Dionysus.
The church of Saint Nicholas in Eleusis seems out of place. It is located within the boundaries of the archaeological site, but this is not what is odd about it. Saint Nicholas is the patron saint of sailors
There is a lot of preparatory work required before Mentor can produce its deliverables in the context of Pros-Eleusis. This is a collaborative project, where people with different skills and professional backgrounds must come together to deliver an ecomuseum for Eleusis
There is a subtle (and important) difference between a memory and a remembrance. The former consists of information which originates in personal experiences that we gather and store in our brain. A remembrance, on the other hand, is the selective “downloading” of processed information that already exists in our memory. The collective memory of a […]
Pros-Eleusis envisions to go beyond state of the art ICT solutions both by adopting personalization elements to enhance end-user’s experience and by following a bottom-up approach in the designing and implementation phases
Perched on a promontory overlooking the archaeological site of Eleusis stands a small church dedicated to the Virgin Mary (Panagia in Greek, meaning the All-holy One). It was first mentioned in a letter, written in 1794
Gods do not make mistakes. The plain of Eleusis was a source of wealth for the ancient Athenians. The soil was watered by the Eleusinian Cephissus River and supplied farmers with grain, and animals with fodder. There was ample room for olive trees and vineyards. Fishermen could earn a living from the sea. Demeter knew well what she did, when she selected Triptolemus, the young son of King Celeus, as her emissary. A man who grew in this earthly paradise was the ideal representative of the goddess to teach humanity the art of agriculture.
The beauty of a project such as Pros-Eleusis is the countless stories waiting to be discovered. Archaeological sites, medieval churches, and contemporary buildings have a certain attraction as edifices and sources of historical information.
Pros-Eleusis is an ambitious project. Success depends on the close collaboration between three partners, who will contribute their particular strengths and competencies. The schedule is also fairly tight;
In the beginning was the hill. And the hill rose amidst the ruins of the ancient sanctuary of Demeter. And there was marble and statues lying around, some of it exposed to the elements and some unseen and forgotten.
But what exactly is an ecomuseum? The term was first coined by the French archaeologist and museologist Hugues de Varine, in the early 1970s. Back then, the word could apply to an amateurish museum, a national park or a centre for industrial heritage.
Pros-Eleusis (Personalized RouteS in Eleusis) is an innovative approach to the enrichment of the tourist experience. It consists of two elements; an ecomuseum, and the development of a technological tool that will enable us to offer personalized tours of the host area.